The marble was eventually uplifted and exposed at the earth's surface by erosion. The term "karst" refers to the tendency of such landscapes to develop sinkholes as underground caves collapse. Rivers have a tendency to disappear in such places. In today's post, we look at a creek that disappears, and reappears. Twice.
Natural Bridges National Monument in the state of Utah. The bridge at Santa Cruz is more properly termed a "sea arch". Karst processes can also produce bridges, as an erosional remnant left behind as caves collapse, leaving openings through which water is flowing.
Mammoth Springs at Yellowstone National Park). They blocked the creek, but eventually water worked through the base of the spring deposits. Eventually the creek carved a course under limestone dam. The cavern has since been decorated with all manner of speleothems, stalactites, stalagmites, columns, curtains, and others. As can be seen in the pictures above and below, the springs are still active. There is a constant music of dripping water at the entrance to the upper bridge.
These rocks have been on an incredible journey.